Tag Archives: science

The Darwin project collaborated with the Cambridge Digital Library

The Darwin Project collaborated with the Cambridge Digital Library to publish images of about 1,200 letters exchanged between Charles Darwin and Joseph Dalton Hooker. There are more than 5,000 images in the collection.

No single set of letters was more important to Darwin than those exchanged with the botanist Joseph Dalton Hooker (1817-1911). Their letters account for around 10% of Darwin’s surviving correspondence and provide a structure within which all the other letters can be explored.  They are a connecting thread that spans forty years of Darwin’s mature working life from 1843 until his death in 1882, and bring into sharp focus every aspect of Darwin’s scientific work throughout that period. They illuminate the mutual friendships he and Hooker shared with other scientists, but they also provide a window of unparalleled intimacy into the personal lives of the two men.

Collaboration, scientific data discovery, use, and reuse.

This article came from the April/May 2013 issue of the Bulletin of the Association for Information Science and Technology.

Collaborative Annotation for Scientific Data Discovery and Reuse” by Kirk Borne

The enormous growth in scientific data repositories requires more meaningful indexing, classification and descriptive metadata in order to facilitate data discovery, reuse and understanding. Meaningful classification labels and metadata can be derived autonomously through machine intelligence or manually through human computation.

This issue also has many articles concerning altmetrics. Heather Piwowar has a great introduction to the special issue.

Trends in scientific mobility and collaboration

This is a good article by Elizabeth Redden in Inside Higher Ed, Bibliometrics and Academic Mobility.

Researchers at Elsevier, the academic journal publisher, have used bibliographic data to identify trends in scientific mobility and collaboration across 17 countries. Tracking unique author IDs, they documented authors’ movements from one country to another and identified rates of co-authorship between scientists from different countries. They found that migration and co-authorship are distinct trends, driven by different factors. For example, shared language and geographic proximity drive rates of migration more strongly than they influence rates of co-authorship between countries. The authors also note that political tensions have less of an effect on migration than they do on co-authorship. Relative to rates of co-authorship, the researchers found high rates of migration from Taiwan to China, Iran to the United States, and between India and Pakistan.

New article in the Journal of eScience Librarianship

Here is a new article in issue 3 of the Journal of eScience Librarianship

Raboin, Regina; Reznik-Zellen, Rebecca C.; and Salo, Dorothea. (2012). “Forging New Service Paths: Institutional Approaches to Providing Research Data Management Services.” Journal of eScience Librarianship 1(3): Article 2. http://dx.doi.org/10.7191/jeslib.2012.1021

Overview: This paper is based on the Librarian Panel Discussion during the 4th Annual University of Massachusetts and New England Region e-Science Symposium. Librarians representing large public and private research universities presented an overview of service models developed at their respective organizations to bring support for data management and eScience to their communities. The approaches described include two library-based, integrated service models and one collaboratively-staffed, center-based service model.

The benefits of international collaboration

This article recently came out as an “early view” in the Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. It is “Quantifying the benefits of international scientific collaboration,” by Vicente P. Guerrero Bote, Carlos Olmeda-Gómez, and Félix de Moya-Anegón. (Subscription required.)

We analyze the benefits in terms of scientific impact deriving from international collaboration, examining both those for a country when it collaborates and also those for the other countries when they are collaborating with the former. The data show the more countries there are involved in the collaboration, the greater the gain in impact. Contrary to what we expected, the scientific impact of a country does not significantly influence the benefit it derives from collaboration, but does seem to positively influence the benefit obtained by the other countries collaborating with it. Although there was a weak correlation between these two classes of benefit, the countries with the highest impact were clear outliers from this correlation, tending to provide proportionally more benefit to their collaborating countries than they themselves obtained. Two surprising findings were the null benefit resulting from collaboration with Iran, and the small benefit resulting from collaboration with the United States despite its high impact.

Academic Libraries, Research Data Services, and Collaboration

The report noted below came out way back in June, but it was just recently blogged about at the ACRL Insider website.

Here is the full PDF for “Academic Libraries and Research Data Services: Current Practices and Plans for the Future: An ACRL White Paper” by Carol Tenopir, Ben Birch, and Suzie Allard.

Executive summary
As science becomes more collaborative, data-intensive, and computational, academic researchers are faced with a range of data management needs. Combine these needs with funding directives that require data management planning, and there is both a need and an imperative for research data services in colleges and universities. Academic libraries may be ideal centers for research data service activities on campuses, providing unique opportunities for academic libraries to become even more active participants in the knowledge creation cycle in their institution. Recently the academic library community has identified data curation as one of the top ten trends in 2012. Some academic libraries are already engaged in these activities, and others are examining ways they can best provide a range of research data services.

Improved collaboration is needed among…

subject librarians.  This opinion piece just came out in Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship. It was in the Viewpoints section.

Needed: Improved Collaboration Among Subject Librarians” by Claire A. Clemens and Valerie K. Tucci.

From the Introduction of the article:

Let’s work together! The library literature abounds with articles on embedded academic librarians – librarians who have strong working relations with faculty. What is often not addressed, however, is the need for partnering between subject librarians. The typical academic library appears to have subject librarians entrenched in information silos with invisible boundaries that other subject librarians dare not cross. The image of librarianship as a “siloed” profession seems particularly acute at academic institutions which have transitioned recently from normal schools producing K-12 educators to liberal arts colleges emphasizing the sciences and engineering. A residual opinion often exists at these institutions, namely that the two goals — to develop future scientists and mathematicians and to produce future science and mathematics teachers — are in conflict. This viewpoint article addresses this problem and is a call for more collaboration among subject librarians with a goal of an enhanced level of service to students and faculty and the overarching mission of the institution.